100 Places of Emotion that Represent the Planet


How did we choose 100 places to represent the complexity of social and environmental life?

There are two lists of places here: our curated list of '100 Places that Represent the Planet' (see below for the full list); and other places that have been added by participants. You can view these sets separately on the global map by ticking and unticking the two boxes on the left-hand side: 'Curated 100 places' and 'User added places'

The places chosen for inclusion in our set of '100 Places that Represent the Planet' were selected based on the following criteria:

  • Emphasizing iconic places of condensed and multiple meanings, and just not the obvious tourist sites;
  • Seeking a spread across continents, across regions as defined by the UN Geo-Scheme, and across nation-states;
  • Giving priority to places in nation-states that are geographically larger and more populous;
  • Giving priority to places that are sites of intense visitation or loom larger in the global imaginary;
  • Choosing sites that carry meanings in tension or contradiction;
  • Covering different domains of social life by choosing a range of places of variously ecological, economic, political and cultural significance (using the Circles of Social Life framework);
  • Seeking a spread from the natural (enduring) world and across ancient to contemporary history;
  • Seeking a representative group of sites from the UNESCO World Heritage list of sites.

On this basis the geographical spread for the 100 places is as follows across over 50 countries:

Regions

UN Geo-scheme

Totals

Continent

Totals for Continents

Population in Millions for Continents

Africa, Eastern

3

Africa

15

1,225

Africa, Middle

2

Americas

18

1,001

Africa, Northern

3

Asia

37

4,462

Africa, Southern

3

Europe

24

741

Africa, Western

4

Oceania

5

40

America, Caribbean

2

Antarctica

1

> 0.004

America, Central

4

 

 

 

America, Northern

6

 

 

 

America, Southern

6

 

 

 

Asia, Eastern

11

 

 

 

Asia, Central

3

 

 

 

Asia, Southern

8

 

 

 

Asia, South-Eastern

6

 

 

 

Asia, Western

9

 

 

 

Europe, Eastern

5

 

 

 

Europe, Northern

5

 

 

 

Europe, Southern

7

 

 

 

Europe, Western

7

 

 

 

Oceania, Melanesian

1

 

 

 

Oceania, Australasia

4

 

 

 

Antarctica

1

 

 

 

How are the places that we chose spread across the planet, and what domains of social life do they represent?

NB. The list below is ordered alphabetically by nation-state; nation-state is given by contemporary equivalence; region is based on UN geo-designation; and domain and subdomain of social life is based on the Circles taxonomy.

Name

Nation-state

Place

Region

Domain of Social Life

1. McMurdo Station

NA

Ross Island, (New Zealand-claimed Ross Dependency)

Antarctica

Culture: enquiry and learning

2. Plaza de Mayo

Argentina

Buenos Aires

South America

Politics: dialogue and reconciliation

3. Soy Plantation, Ituzaingó Anexo

Argentina

Córdoba

South America

Ecology: embodiment and sustenance

4. Lady Musgrave Island

Australia

Great Barrier Reef

Oceania, Australasia

Ecology: flora and fauna

5. Uluru

Australia

Uluru-Kata Tjuta National Park

Oceania, Australasia

Culture: memory and projection

6. Sydney Opera House

Australia

Sydney

Oceania, Australasia

Culture: creativity and recreation

7. Sigmund Freud Museum

Austria

Vienna

Western Europe

Culture: wellbeing and health

8. Espace Léopold (European parliament)

Belgium

Brussels

Western Europe

Politics: representation and negotiation

9. Museu do Amanhã (Museum of Tomorrow)

Brazil

Rio de Janeiro

 

South America

Culture: memory and projection

10 Estádio do Maracanã

Brazil

Rio de Janeiro

 

South America

Culture: creativity and recreation

11. Angkor Wat

Cambodia

Siem Reap

South-Eastern Asia

Culture: identity and engagement

12. Athabasca oil sands

 

Canada

Alberta

Northern America

Ecology: materials and energy

 

13. La Biosphère de Montréal

Canada

Montreal

Northern America

Ecology: water and air

14. Cayman Islands Monetary Authority

Cayman Islands

Grand Cayman

Caribbean America

Economics: exchange and transfer

15. Estádio Victor Jara

Chile

Santiago

Southern America

Culture: memory and projection

16. Tiananmen Square

China

Beijing

Eastern Asia

Politics: representation and negotiation

17. Canton Tower

China

Guangzhou

Eastern Asia

Economics: technology and infrastructure

18. Sun Yat-sen Mausoleum

China

Nanjing

Eastern Asia

Politics: law and justice

19. Foxxcon’s Science and Technology Park

China

Shenzhen

Eastern Asia

Economics: technology and infrastructure

20. Great Wall of China

China

Mongolian Steppe

Eastern Asia

Politics: security and accord

21. Hacienda Nápoles (Pablo Escobar’s mansion)

Colombia

Puerto Triunfo

Southern America

Politics: ethics and accountability

22. Memorial Comandante Ernesto Che Guevara

Cuba

Santa Clara

Caribbean America

Politics: communication and critique

23. Chutes Wagenia (Boyoma Falls)

Democratic Republic of the Congo

Lualaba River

Middle Africa

Ecology: water and air

24. Ciudad Mitad del Mundo (Middle of the World City)

Ecuador

Quito

Southern America

Culture: belief and meaning

25. Great Pyramid of Giza

Egypt

El Giza

Northern Africa

Culture: gender and generations

26. Aswan Dam

Egypt

Nile River

Northern Africa

Economics: technology and infrastructure

27. National Museum of Ethiopia

Ethiopia

Addis Ababa

Eastern Africa

Culture: memory and projection

28. Onkalo käytti ydinpolttoaineen loppusijoitustilaa
(Onkalo spent nuclear fuel repository)

Finland

Euraioki

Northern Europe

Ecology: materials and energy

29. Chauvet-Pont-d’Arc Cave

France

Gorges de l'Ardèche

 

Western Europe

Culture: memory and projection

30. Tour Eiffel (Eiffel Tower)

France

Paris

Western Europe

Economics: technology and infrastructure

31. Berliner Mauer (Berlin Wall)

Germany

Berlin

Western Europe

Politics: security and accord

32. European Central Bank

Germany

Frankfurt

Western Europe

Economics: accounting and regulation

33. Acropolis

Greece

Athens

Southern Europe

Culture: memory and projection

34. Exarcheia anarchist quarters

Greece

Athens

Southern Europe

Politics: communication and critique

35. Althingi parliament

Iceland

Reykjavík

 

Northern Europe

Politics: organization and governance

36. Dharavi district

India

Mumbai

Southern Asia

Economics: labour and welfare

37. Ganga River (confluence of the Alaknanda and Bhagirathi rivers)

India

Devpraya

Southern Asia

Culture: identity and engagement

38. Taj Mahal

India

Agra

Southern Asia

Culture: memory and projection

39. Tulip Data Centre

India

Bangalore

Southern Asia

Economics: technology and infrastructure

40. Monumen Pancasila Sakti

Indonesia

Lubang Buaya,

Jakarta

 

South-Eastern Asia

Economics: production and resourcing

41. Palm oil plantation

Indonesia

Sumatra

South-Eastern Asia

Economics: production and resourcing

42. Freeport Grasberg mine

Indonesia

Grasberg

Oceania, Melanesia

Politics: law and justice

43. Azadi Square,

Iran

Tehran

Southern Asia

Culture: identity and engagement

44. Abu Graib

Iraq

Baghdad

Western Asia

Politics: security and accord

45. Newgrange

Ireland

County Meath

Western Europe

Culture: memory and projection

46. Wailing Wall,

Israel/Palestine

Jerusalem

Western Asia

Culture: identity and engagement

47. Colosseum

Italy

Rome

Southern Europe

Culture: creativity and recreation

48. Lampedusa

Italy

Mediterranean Sea

Southern Europe

Politics: law and justice

49. Mount Fuji

Japan

Honshu, near Tokyo

Eastern Asia

Culture: identity and engagement

50. Hiroshima Peace Memorial Park

Japan

Hiroshima

Eastern Asia

Politics: dialogue and reconciliation

51. Petra

Jordan

Wadi Musa

Western Asia

Politics: organization and governance

52. KazTransGas pipeline booster compression station

Kazakhstan

Zhambyl

Asia, Central

Economics: production and resourcing

53. Zapatista Outreach Centre

Mexico

Oventic, Chiapas

Central America

Politics: communication and critique

 

54. Plaza de las Tres Culturas (Plaza of the Three Cultures)

Mexico

Tlatelolco, Mexico City

Central America

Culture: memory and projection

 

55. Djemaa el Fna

Morocco

Marrakesh

Northern Africa

Economics: consumption and use

56. Nauru Regional Processing Centre

Nauru

Meneng District

Oceania

Politics: law and justice

57. Sagarmatha/ Chomolungma (Mount Everest)

Nepal and Tibet

Himalayas

Southern Asia

Ecology: water and air

58. Christchurch Cathedral

New Zealand

Christchurch

Oceania, Australasia

Culture: belief and meaning

59. Redeemed Christian Church of God

Nigeria

Lagos

Western Africa

Culture: belief and meaning

60. Port Harcourt Refining Company

Nigeria

Port Harcourt

Western Africa

Economics: production and resourcing

61. Kumsusan Palace of the Sun

North Korea

Pyongyang

Eastern Asia

Politics: organization and governance

62. Orangi Town

Pakistan

Karachi

Southern Asia

Economics: wealth and distribution

63. Panama Canal

Panama

Isthmus of Panama

America, Central

Ecology: built-form and transport

64. Kokoda Trail

Papua New Guinea

Owen Stanley Range

Oceania

Politics: security and accord

65. Machu Pichu

Peru

Cusco region

Southern America

Culture: identity and engagement

66. Auschwitz-Birkenau

Poland

O?wi?cim

Eastern Europe

Politics: ethics and accountability

67. Kremlin

Russia

Moscow

Eastern Europe

Politics: security and accord

68. Winter Palace

Russia

St Petersburg

Eastern Europe

Politics: organization and governance

69. Mir Mine

Russia

Mirny, Siberia

Central Asia

Economics: wealth and distribution

70. Kigali genocide memorial

Rwanda

Kigali

Middle Africa

Politics: ethics and accountability

71. Great Mosque of Mecca

Saudi Arabia

Mecca

Western Asia

Culture: belief and meaning

72. Hira, the cave of Muhammad’s revelation

Saudi Arabia

Mecca

Western Asia

Culture: belief and meaning

73. Maison des Esclaves (House of Slaves)

Senegal

Dakar

Western Africa

Economics: labour and welfare

74. Kenema Government Hospital

Sierra Leone

Kenema

Western Africa

Ecology: embodiment and sustenance

75. Sandton Mall

South Africa

Johannesburg

Southern Africa

Economics: consumption and use

76. Robben Island Prison

South Africa

Cape Town

Southern Africa

Politics: law and justice

77. Panmunjom, Joint Security Area

South Korea/North Korea

Truce Village of Panmunjom

Eastern Asia

Politics: security and accord

78. La Sagrada Familia

Spain

Barcelona

Southern Europe

Culture: belief and meaning

79. Large Hadron Collider

Switzerland/

France

Near Geneva on the Swiss side, and Cessy, Saint-Genis-Pouilly on the French

Western Europe

Culture: enquiry and learning

80. Yarmouk Camp

Syria

Damascus

Western Asia

Ecology: habitat and settlements

81. Ngorongoro Crater

Tanzania

Ngorongoro Conservation Area

Eastern Africa

 

82. Lumpinee Boxing Stadium

Thailand

Bangkok

South-Eastern Asia

Economics: consumption and use

83. Provincial government building and post office, Sidi Bouzid

Tunisia

Sidi Bouzid

Northern Africa

Politics: communication and critique

84. Grand Bazaar

Turkey

Istanbul

Western Asia

Economics: consumption and use

85. Bwindi National Park

Uganda

Bwindi

Eastern Africa

Ecology: flora and fauna

86. Dubai International Airport

UAE

Dubai

Western Asia

Ecology: built-form and mobility

87. Stonehenge

United Kingdom

Wiltshire

Northern Europe

Culture: belief and meaning

88. Westminster Abby

United Kingdom

London

Northern Europe

Culture: belief and meaning

89. British Museum

United Kingdom

London

Northern Europe

Culture: learning and enquiry

90. Gleann Comhann (Glencoe)

United Kingdom

Lochaber

Northern Europe

Ecology: flora and fauna

91. Chernobyl Nuclear Power Plant

Ukraine

Chernobyl

Eastern Europe

Ecology: emission and waste

92. Canyon de Chelly National Monument

United States of America

Navajo Nation territory

Northern America

Ecology: habitat and settlements

93. Wall Street

United States of America

New York

Northern America

Economics: wealth and distribution

94. Statue of Liberty

United States of America

New York

Northern America

Politics: security and accord

95. Pentagon

 

United States of America

Washington

Northern America

Politics: security and accord

 

96. Googleplex

United States of America

Silicon Valley

Northern America

Economics: technology and infrastructure

97. Kantubek

Uzbekistan

Vozrozhdeniya Island

Central Asia

Ecology: emission and waste

98. St Peters Basilica

Vatican City

Rome

Southern Europe

Culture: belief and meaning

99. War Remnants Museum

Vietnam

Ho Chi Minh City

South-Eastern Asia

Politics: security and accord

100. Victoria Falls

Zambia/

Zimbabwe

Zambezi River

Southern Africa

Ecology: water and air

When